Student Attendance Rate
English: % of emergency affected children and youth (5-18 years old) attending [choose: learning spaces / schools] in the targeted areas
French: % d’enfants et adolescents affectés par une crise humanitaire (5- 18 ans) allant [choisissez : lieux d’apprentissage/ écoles] dans les zones cibles
Portuguese: % de crianças e jovens (5-18 anos de idade) afectados pela emergência que frequentam [escolha: espaços de aprendizagem / escolas] nas áreas-alvo
Czech: % krizí postižených dětí a mládeže (ve věku 5-18 let) v cílových oblastech, kteří chodí do školy
What is its purpose?
Student attendance is a key prerequisite for effectiveness of any education intervention. The indicator focuses on understanding the proportion of children in the targeted areas that attend school over the school year (providing also data on what percentage of school-aged children remain out-of-school). The target percentage for attendance should reflect the pre-crises enrollment figures.
How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data
Two different data sets are required to measure this indicator:
- The number of school-aged children in the targeted community
- The number of school-aged children in the targeted community who are attending school at given points throughout the school year
Collection of data on numbers of school-aged children in the targeted community can be gathered through household surveys at the beginning, mid-term and end of the school year or at other regular intervals throughout the school year or semester, as deemed appropriate.
Collection of data on the number of school-aged children attending school requires coordination with schools and/or other education stakeholders in target communities. Keeping a daily record of student attendance is among teachers' and school administrators’ duties. However, in reality, the attendance data are often over- or under-reported. If you can rely on the available school records, use them. Otherwise, assess the attendance rate by using headcounts based on the following methodology:
1) At the beginning of the school year, collect the student enrolment data, divided by classes, from the school administration.
2) Perform a student headcount during surprise spot checks in target schools. You should do at least 3 surprise spot checks throughout the year/ semester, always focusing on the same classes. Increase the frequency if working in emergency contexts, capacity permitted.
3) Calculate the average number of students present during your monitoring visits (e.g. 300 students present during the first visit, 250 during the second visit, 350 during the third visit - the average is 300 students).
4) To calculate the overall attendance rate, divide the average number of students present during your monitoring visits in a given period by the number of students enrolled in the monitored classes and multiply the result by 100.
Disaggregate the data by gender and specific vulnerable groups, such as minorities or children with disabilities.
1) Attendance rate is prone to significant seasonal differences and/or subject to the specific security situation in a given context. Do your best to collect baseline and endline data in the same months (or even weeks) of a year, or in emergency contexts, when the security situation is relatively stable; otherwise it is very likely that they will not be comparable.
2) The schools should be encouraged to collect reliable student attendance data. Always share your surprise spot check attendance data (headcount) with the school administration and the teachers.
3) Selection of specific days for spot checks should take into account weekends, holidays, seasons, security and other factors affecting regular attendance (e.g. harvest season in rural areas, local festivals and celebrations, Ramadan, etc.).
4) The spot checks should be performed in all target schools (using only sample schools is not recommended) as the situation in individual schools can significantly vary.