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Access to Water at Institutions

Indicator Phrasing

number or % of targeted [specify the institution] with year-round access to drinking water
See indicator in other languages

Indicator Phrasing

English: number or % of targeted [specify the institution] with year-round access to drinking water

French: nombre ou % de [spécifier l’institution] ciblé(e)s ayant accès à l’eau potable pendant toute l’année

Spanish: número o % de destinatarios [especifique la institución] con acceso a agua potable durante todo el año

Portuguese: número ou % de [especifique a instituição] com acesso a água para beber durante todo o ano

Czech: počet nebo % cílových [určete instituci] s celoročním přístupem k pitné vodě

What is its purpose?

The indicator assesses the proportion of targeted institutions (such as schools, health centres, administration buildings, evacuation sites) with a year-round access to drinking water (i.e. water from a safe source).

How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data

Collect the following data by using observations (Q1-Q2) and conducting key informant interviews (Q1-Q4) with the institutions' employees:



Q1: Does the [specify the institution] have access to drinking water?

A1: yes / no 


(ask the next questions only if the previous answer is YES)


Q2: What is the main source of drinking water for your [specify the institution] ?

A2: _

1) tube well or borehole 

2) protected shallow well 

3) harvested rainwater 

4) piped water/public tap 

5) protected spring 

6) surface water source (river, stream, pond, puddles, unprotected spring) 

7) unprotected/ open shallow well

8) cart with small tank/drum

9) tanker-truck

10) other: ................................

NOTE: Only options 1 – 5 count as “safe drinking water sources”.


Q3: For how many months per year can you use the water from this source?

A3: all year / …… months per year


(ask the next question only if the water from the main source is not accessible 12 months per year)


Q4: What is the water source you use when you cannot use the water from [specify the main source] ?

A4: use the same options as in A2


To calculate the indicator's value, divide the number of targeted institutions with year-round access to safe drinking water (answers 1-5) by the total number of assessed institutions. Multiply the result by 100 to convert it to a percentage.

Important Comments

1) In many countries, the relevant ministries or UNICEF defined a range of additional water-related standards for schools, health centres and/ or other institutions. Consider including them in your intervention’s design and M&E system.

This guidance was prepared by People in Need ©

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