Psycho-Social Wellbeing of Children
English: % of targeted children reported to be showing an increase in psycho-social well-being
French: % d'enfants ciblés dont l’augmentation du bien-être psychosocial a été signalé
Czech: % podpořených dětí vykazujících zlepšení psychosociálního stavu
What is its purpose?
This indicator is used in emergency contexts to assess the effect of psychosocial support activities and access to education on children's individual well-being.
How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data
The indicator is measured through standardised Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The SDQ measures psychological attributes using five scales through asking an individual child or their caregiver 25 questions. The questions are appropriate for 6-17 year old children. The five scales are: emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/ inattention, peer relationship problems, prosocial behaviour.
An increase in psychosocial well-being means that the child’s overall stress score decreases – even if only by one point. Each of the five "sub-scales" need to be analysed according to recognised categories: "close to average", "slightly raised", "high", and "very high".
For 6-11 year olds use the "caregiver" 6-11 form and administer the SDQ with the parents/ caregivers through a one-on-one discussion meeting. For 12-17 year olds use the 12-17 form and administer it through a one-on-one discussion with the adolescent. It should not be given to adolescents to fill out on their own.
To get the data for the indicator the SDQ should be used to measure psycho-social well-being in a representative sample of target children before and after an intervention (baseline and endline). Calculate required sample size at a 95% confidence level, and 5-7% margin of error and select children randomly. The same children should be given both the pre- and the post-SDQ as we seek to measure change at the child-level. For the pre-SDQ take in at least 20% more participants to account for children who will not be available during the post-SDQ.
Baseline: Ideally when caregivers register their children to PSS activities and not later than 3 weeks after the beginning of PSS activities. Endline: After the end of the cycle, not before.
Calculate the indicator's value by dividing the number of children with a decreased overall stress score by the total number of surveyed children and multiplying the result by 100.
1) It should be noted that the SDQ, and the scoring system applied to the SDQ, is only a rough way of screening disorders in individuals and, while still far from perfect, is more effective when analysing multiple informants/ large amounts of data – such as the data collected for baseline/ endline studies.
2) Disaggregate the data by sex and specific vulnerable groups, such as minorities or children with disability.