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Acquired Knowledge / Skills

Indicator Phrasing

% of [specify the target group] with the desired knowledge / skills of [specify the topic]
See indicator in other languages

Indicator Phrasing

English: % of [specify the target group] with the desired knowledge / skills of [specify the topic]

French: % de [spécifiez le groupe cible] avec les connaissances / compétences souhaitées de [préciser le sujet]

Spanish: % de [especificar el grupo objetivo] con los conocimientos / habilidades deseados de [especificar el tema]

Portuguese: % de [especificar o grupo-alvo] com os conhecimentos / competências desejados de [especificar o tópico]

Czech: % [určete cílovou skupinu] se žádoucími znalostmi / dovednostmi [určete téma]

What is its purpose?

The indicator measures the learning benefits of any knowledge and skills-transfer activities, such as training or workshops. Not only can it be used for a single activity (e.g. training), but also for the sum of different knowledge and skills-transfer activities.

How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data

Determine the indicator's value by using the following methodology:


1) Define a limited number of the most important knowledge or/and skills that the project participants should gain as a result of the provided support. Avoid having unrealistically high or unnecessarily low requirements by verifying the test’s difficulty by pre-testing it with at least 10 people.


2) Prepare simple tests assessing whether the targeted project participants have the pre-defined, most important knowledge and/or skills. The testing can consist of, for example: 

   > in the case of literate persons, a written test, and in the case of nonliterate persons, an interview where the data collector asks knowledge-related questions and records whether the participant provided correct answers (in the case of largely nonliterate persons)

   > observations where the participants are asked to perform the tested skills and the data collector records whether they were performed correctly


3) Decide the minimum result a person needs to reach in order to pass the test (for example, answering at least 7 out of 10 knowledge-related questions correctly and performing at least 3 out of 5 tested skills correctly).


4) Administer the test to a representative sample of your target group members.


5) Calculate how many participants reached the minimum required result.


6) To calculate the indicator’s value, divide the number of participants who have the minimum required knowledge/skills by the total number of tested participants. Multiply the result by 100 to convert it to a percentage.

Disaggregate by

Disaggregate the results by gender and other important criteria, depending on your project’s context and focus.

Important Comments

1) Always conduct both a “pre-test” and “post-test”, otherwise you will not know the extent to which the respondents improved (or not) their knowledge and skills.


2) Decide whether to measure the direct effect of a one-off activity (e.g. a demonstration) or the effect of a longer learning process (e.g. series of several trainings over a period of time).


3) If you use this indicator to evaluate the effectiveness of trainings (or similar events), prepare standardized tests that relevant staff can use across all the trainings. 


4) If possible, conduct the “post-test” twice – once immediately after the “capacity building” activity is completed (showing you the immediate learning) and then 1 - 2 months later (showing you the knowledge and/or skills that people actually remember and might use). However, the tests do not need to relate to a single activity only (e.g. training) – they can be provided during the baseline and endline surveys, assessing the overall change in the target population’s specific knowledge and/or skills.


5) If relevant, consider asking respondents where they acquired the knowledge / skills. It might help you understand the contribution of your intervention. 

This guidance was prepared by People in Need ©

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