Calculate the indicator's value by using the following methodology:
1) Open the publication Compendium of Gender Scales below (page 14-15) and review the 24 statements that are included in the original GEM scale methodology. Consider whether some statements should be added for cultural specificity and whether some should be removed as they do not reflect the main gender issues in your intervention’s target area. The number of country-specific statements usually varies from 11 to 15 (avoid having too many statements). See IMAGES survey report (page 19) and country-specific reports for examples of how the GEM Scale was adapted in different countries.
2) Incorporate the country-specific GEM Scale method into your questionnaire by taking the following steps:
- include the following introduction: Now, I am going to read different statements. Please show me on this scale how you feel about each statement [show the scale provided at the bottom of this page and explain how it works, including the meaning of each face]. There are no right or wrong answers – please answer according to your feelings about each statement. I would again like to assure you that your answers will not be shared with any people living in this area, and that you do not have to answer any questions that you do not want to.
- for each statement, include the following question: Which of these three faces [point to the scale] best represents your feelings about the following statement? [read out the given statement]
- for each statement, include in your questionnaire the following pre-defined answers: 1) agree; 2) somewhat agree; 3) disagree
3) Conduct individual interviews with a representative sample of your target group members, assessing whether they agree, somewhat agree, or disagree with each of the context-specific statements.
4) To analyse the data, provide 3 points for each response representing gender equality, 2 points for each response representing moderate gender equality, and 1 point for each response representing the lowest equality. For example, in the case of statement “There are times when a woman deserves to be beaten”, response “agree” represents the lowest equality and should be given 1 point. Response “disagree” would represent the highest gender equality and receive three points.
5) For each respondent, calculate the total number of points.
6) To calculate the average score on the GEM Scale, sum up the points scored by each respondent and divide it by the total number of respondents (exclude those who did not answer one or more questions or where the enumerator did not record one or more answers).