English: % of children aged 0-23 months who did not receive pre-lacteal feeds
French: % d'enfants âgés de 0 à 23 mois qui n'ont pas reçu d'aliments pré-lactiques
Portuguese: % de crianças com idades entre 0 a 23 meses que não receberam alimentos pré-lácteos
Czech: % dětí ve věku 0-23 měsíců, které během prvních třech dnů po porodu byly krmeny výhradně mateřským mlékem
What is its purpose?
The indicator assesses the proportion of young children who in the first three days of life did not receive any food or liquid (i.e. pre-lacteal feeds) other than breast milk. Pre-lacteal feeds increase the risk of diarrhoea and other health and life-threatening diseases.
How to Collect and Analyse the Required Data
Collect the following data by conducting individual interviews with a representative sample of mothers of children aged 0-23.99 months:
RECOMMENDED SURVEY QUESTION (Q) AND POSSIBLE ANSWERS (A)
Q1: What did your youngest baby eat and drink in the first three days after birth?
1) only breast milk
2) fluids/meals other than breast milk
3) breast milk and other fluids/meals
Calculate the indicator’s value by dividing the number of children who were fed with breastmilk only by the total number of respondents and multiplying the result by 100.
Disaggregate the data by the delivery place (home, health centre, hospital), presence of a skilled birth attendant during delivery (present/ absent; use for home deliveries only), location (rural/ urban) and socio-economic characteristics (e.g. level of education).
1) If the percentage is above 20% then addressing pre-lacteal feeding should be given priority; however, it needs to be discussed in the context.
2) This indicator relies on accurate age assessment. Since people often do not remember the exact dates of their children’s birth, the data collectors should never rely only on the information provided by caregivers and always verify the child’s age. This can be done by reviewing the child’s birth certificate or other documents; however, since many caregivers do not have such documents, it is essential that your data collectors are able to determine the child’s age by using local events calendars. Read FAO’s Guidelines (see below) to learn how to prepare local events calendars and how to train data collectors in their correct use.
Access Additional Guidance
- FAO (2008) Guidelines for Estimating the Month and Year of Birth of Young Children (.pdf)